Pruning cuts must be made with an understanding of how the tree will respond to the cut.  Improper pruning can cause damage which continues for the life of the tree.  Proper crown thinning should maintain the structural beauty and retain the tree’s natural shape.

The preferred place to make a pruning cut is just to the outside of the branch collar allowing for compartmentalization of the cut wound.  If a pruning cut leaves a stub, the ability of the tree to close the wound is compromised and can result in branch dieback, decay, and sprout production.  Topping, or cutting limbs back to a stub, bud, or a lateral branch not large enough to assume the terminal role may promote starvation, shock, insects & disease, rapid new weaker elongated growth, increased future cost from higher maintenance tree.

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“Though a tree grows so high, the falling leaves return to the root.” Malay proverb

“The best time to plant a tree is twenty years ago. The second best time is now.” Anonymous

“A tree which has lost its head will never recover it again, and will survive only as a monument of the ignorance and folly of its Tormentor.” George William Curtis

“When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.” John Muir

"Of all the wonders of nature, a tree in summer is perhaps the most remarkable; with the possible exception of a moose singing “Embraceable You” in spats. ~Woody Allen

“The true meaning of life is to plant trees, under whose shade you do not expect to sit.” Nelson Henderson

Where a tree falls, plant another . . . .

"Suburbia is where the developer bulldozes out the trees, then names the streets after them." ~Bill Vaughn